Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints; arthritis includes nearly a hundred types of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatic diseases affect the joints, muscles or connective tissue that support the various structures of the body. Arthritis is usually chronic, bone, for life. […]
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints; arthritis includes nearly a hundred types of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatic diseases affect the joints, muscles or connective tissue that support the various structures of the body.
Arthritis is usually chronic, bone, for life. Potential arthritis manifests itself as pain, limited movement, and enlarged joints. More women than men suffer from this. Arthritis reduces the ability to perform daily activities such as climbing stairs, walking, lying or getting out of bed, or getting dressed.
Types of Arthritis
This is the most common type and begins when the articular cartilage breaks down, sometimes leaving absolutely no cartilage, leaving the joint in contact between bones. It typically affects the knees, ankles, feet, and toes, as this degenerative condition can affect relatively young adults.
Bones that have cartilage in the limbs in good condition, the cartilage protects the movement of the joints, when the cartilage destroys the bones, they rub against each other, the joints become deformed, rubbing bones suffer from bone growth, which causes pain and restricts movement. There are few effective treatments for osteoarthritis, it is incurable, and the stiffness and pain can make it difficult to do simple daily activities.
Another common type of arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis, which also affects women more than men and can affect every joint in the body. This is usually associated with decreased functionality and serious complications.
In rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation begins in the mucous membrane called the synovial capsule, which is the membrane that contains a lubricating fluid to protect the joint. When the synovial capsule becomes inflamed, the inter-articular space shrinks and the joint loses its shape and alignment. This disease is highly variable, as some people cannot get out of bed and others may even run.
Another common type of arthritis is an increase in uric acid and the formation of crystals inside the joints due to a disorder of the body.
This is an inflammation of the spine.
Psoriatic arthritis, juvenile arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus are other common types of arthritis.
Is Arthritis Treated?
Treatment is problematic given the large number of arthritis types that exist. Something can be done to reduce its effects in everyday life, the main thing is the early diagnosis of the disease, the development of a program adapted for each person, taking into account his problems, such as reducing inflammation, reducing joint injuries, functional improvement and pain relief. Also application of cold or heat, methods of protecting joints and in some cases surgery.
Does exercise improve arthritis?
Research shows the benefits of exercise for improving the quality of life for people with arthritis. A sedentary lifestyle leads to muscle weakness, limited movement and joint stiffness, as well as a lack of vitality and energy, which also affects the defense system. Rheumatologists advise harmony between exercise and rest, especially in times of crisis.
Rheumatology experts recommend combining medication with patient education in therapy programs when making lifestyle changes, such as practicing appropriate exercise to strengthen muscles.
For a person who is obese or overweight, consult a dietitian or endocrine specialist to lose weight through a healthy diet to reduce pressure on bones and joints and relieve them of overload, reducing pain. Pain is treated with physical therapy, electrotherapy, medication, and surgery for more intense pain.
In the case of gout, it has been proven that it is improved by eliminating certain foods from the diet. Rheumatology experts advise eating a balanced and healthy diet, avoiding fancy diets and doubting the miraculous ads as fraudulent means have been created around the disease. People with arthritis spend a lot of money on these drugs without comparing their effectiveness, which is zero.
If you have arthritis, you can exercise
An appropriate exercise plan is recommended to improve muscle strength and endurance, flexibility and aerobic resistance, among others, yes, to personalize exercise to suit everyone’s needs. These exercises are the same as those recommended for healthy people. These exercises are safe and effective for improving the physical performance of people with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis.
People with this disease have weaker and less developed muscles, decreased movement, less flexibility in joints, and less aerobic exercise than healthy people of the same age. Studies have shown that they have a higher risk of contracting other diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis and heart.
We have seen that there are many benefits of exercise for arthritis and daily tasks such as:
- Increase muscle strength and aerobic endurance.
- Reducing bone loss.
- Improved joint movement and function.
- Reducing the risk of contracting diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and other pathologies.
- Increased self-esteem and psychological improvement.
Don’t think twice and get to work, if you want advice, consult a personal trainer.